How The Treaty of Versailles Caused WWII

Significant Treaty Terms

War Guilt Clause:
This part of the treaty is outlined in Part 8: General Provisions, Article 231.

"The Allied and Associated Governments affirm and Germany accepts the responsibility of Germany and     her allies for causing all the loss and damage to which the Allied and Associated Governments and their nationals have been subjected as a consequence of the war imposed upon them by the aggression of Germany and her allies" (Peace Treaty of Versailles).


Damages are defined in Annex I of Part 8. Click on the link to view the damage as they are too extensive to list.

Territorial Losses:
Germany lost the territories of:
"Alsace-Lorraine (given to France)
Eupen and Malmedy (given to Belgium)
Northern Schleswig (given to Denmark)
Hultschin (given to Czechoslovakia)
West Prussia, Posen and Upper Silesia (given to Poland)
As taken from

Germany's army was significantly limited by the treaty. Germany was not allowed to maintain an air force. Post-treaty the German navy consisted of an 6, yes a whole 6, ships and no submarines. Finally Germany's army was limited to 100,000 soldiers, though this was not entirely true (HistoryLearningCite). While there may have only been 100,000 soldiers enlisted in the Germany Army, there were still millions of trained soldiers that returned home unharmed.